But the problem is that if I use MRSETS or MULT RESPONSE the frequencies differ from one another. In this example, we choose to count the number of 1's, so individuals who selected zero choices will have values of 0, and individuals who answered the question will have counts greater than 0. Define multiple response sets in IBM SPSS Check to see whether files were added matched successfully Statistics successfully Merge data files without pre-sorting Use the Multiple Response Frequencies and Describe and use the features of the Add Define multiple response sets in IBM The variables in the multiple response set appear in parentheses. Cases 3, 4, 6, and 8 had values of 1 for owns_laptop and owns_phone, so their value of selected is 2. Selects "laptop" and "phone" and "tablet", User 3 In these examples, the columns represent the answers to a check-all-that-apply question, "Which of the following devices do you own? Chinese Traditional / 繁體中文 There are in fact two ways to record multiple responses: In our case we have a list of fears, and the respondent picked one of them saying this is the most important one, then the second and the third and so on. The interpretation of the cases is as follows: In this coding scheme, we have a distinct numeric code representing the "checked" or "present" state, but use a missing value (blank) to represent the "unchecked" or "absent" state. (There will be as many binary variables as there are "selectable" options.) This option becomes available when you've added a regular variable to the Row, Column, or Layer box, and have clicked on the variable so that it's highlighted. In this example 1 indicated that someone did visit the cinema, and I’m interested in those who Multiple Response Define Variable Set: SPSS (2.5): Surveys often contain questions that allow respondents to select more than one answer. Variable names can not contain spaces. The rate of tablet ownership was slightly higher among males (41.6% of males) than females (37.9% of females). Notes 9. In the Target Variable box, type a name for the new variable to be created. SPSS has a two-step process to use multiple response sets using the dialog windows: Define the multiple response set. Choose Multiple Response Sets and complete the dialog window Managing such questions in SPSS Statistics can produce some difficulty. The dot you see in the cell is something that SPSS displays, not something that you as the user add.) If we do this, we will need to take an extra step to prevent respondents from giving contradictory answers: for example, we don't want to allow the option for someone to answer "I own a phone and I don't own any electronic devices". Because this procedure can't determine if there were individuals who did not answer the question, we don't know for certain if we should use the total sample size as the denominator to compute the percentages. To create a frequency table or a cross table from these variables, you can let SPSS know that these belonged to each other by creating a multiple response set. And with just the Base, you can use Analze > Multiple Response. I have already done 20 multiple response sets via Analyze >>> Multiple Response >>> Define Variables. Percent of response is the percentage of each response out of total responses from the given data-set. Our desired table of results might look like this: We would like to obtain a crosstab, but as we saw in the previous example, the regular Crosstab procedure does not work the way we would expect when multiple response set variables are involved: Recall that the Crosstabs procedure can only use cases that have nonmissing values for both variables. The Exclude cases listwise within dichotomies option will treat cases with any missing values as fully missing. Cases: The marginal totals represent the number of cases in that group. We can answer both of these questions using the Count Values Within Cases procedure in SPSS. Then click. To filter out individuals who did not answer the multiple response question, use the Select Cases procedure to keep cases if selected > 0 (selected greater than 0). Just note that the mult response sets define with Return to Content. Croatian / Hrvatski The syntax that you run will be run on the “active” data set. F Define Range: Opens the Define Range prompt. The vast majority of the respondents owned a laptop (92.5% or 397/429), The vast majority of the respondents owned a phone (90.0% or 386/429), Less than half of the respondents owned a tablet (39.2% or 168/429), Less than 10% said they owned some other type of electronic device (9.3% or 40/429), In the Multiple Response Sets box, click variable, In the first list of variables, click variable, Variable Gender has been coded as Gender=0 for males and Gender=1 for females. The Multiple Response Sets defined under "Data -> Define Multiple Response Set" or "Analyze -> Tables -> Multiple Response Set" can be used for the Custom Tables (ctables) and the Chart … Chinese Simplified / 简体中文 Click Define Ranges. Written and illustrated tutorials for the statistical software SPSS. Multiple Response Sets . When you ask questions where respondents are allowed to give more than one answer, this will result is more than one variable in the SPSS data file. Similarly, percent of cases is the percent of cases or respondents saying "yes" for the particular means of communication. ", with four answer options: laptop, phone, tablet, or "other". * Two string variables (problem and race) contain a variable number of comma separated numbers. The “active” data set is the one that is last one that you clicked on. A string of length 0 is also written if LABELSOURCE=VARLABEL was specified. Portuguese/Brazil/Brazil / Português/Brasil If there are numbers between the minimum and maximum that are not represented in the observed data, those numbers will be ignored. DISQUS terms of service. Define multiple response sets in IBM SPSS Check to see whether files were added matched successfully Statistics successfully Merge data files without pre-sorting Use the Multiple Response Frequencies and Describe and use the features of the Add Define multiple response sets in IBM Once you close SPSS, the multiple response set definition is erased; the next time you start SPSS, you would need to re-define the multiple response set if you wanted to re-run the multiple response frequency tables. Analyzing the answers given will be explained using the following steps: The question; Coding in SPSS… Each response in a multiple response question should be coded as a separate variable and then grouped under a multiple response set of variables. Notice the number of missing responses for each variable: Because we are using the scheme of 1=checked, missing=not checked, the missing values here actually represent the number of people who did not select that option. Finnish / Suomi options in SPSS, the first of which is by selecting: Data . It does not necessarily mean that they did not answer the question! A Variable list: The variables in the current dataset. Additionally, we are not just concerned about how many individuals selected a given choice; we may also care about how many of the options were selected, and what combinations of the options were most common (i.e., are the selections correlated). Italian / Italiano How can I parse this info?. This person clearly answered the question, despite having "missing values" on some of the variables in the set. With MULTI Search in IBM Knowledge Center. Remember: a good multiple choice question will have answers that span the full range of possible answers. In my example script, I used 2 SPSS functions SORT CASES and CASETOVARS. In this example, 0 denotes "absent" or "not checked", and 1 denotes "present" or "checked". There were 429 students who responded to the question, i.e. In the Columns box, you should now see our new range appear next to variable Gender. Creating a new SPSS Statistics data file consists of two stages: defining the variables and entering the data. This note demonstrates the use of Multiple Responses Analysis in analyzing multiple responses data using SPSS software. Instead, we should use the Multiple Response Frequencies procedure, which can deal with all of these issues, and produce a table structured like the above. In the individual frequency tables, we see the number of people who checked that option (in the rows labeled "Valid - 1"). This is because the syntax command for multiple response sets, MULT RESPONSE, contains the definition of the set in the command. SPSS file (This must be done for any variable in our crosstab that isn't a multiple response set.) Polish / polski [1] How do I save multiple response sets defined through the menu system? Catalan / Català The Output window will display the syntax from the Count Values within Cases command, but will not show any table output. D Columns: The variable(s) you want to be used as the columns in the crosstab. When you sign in to comment, IBM will provide your email, first name and last name to DISQUS. Run the … In order to split the file, SPSS requires that the data be sorted with respect to the splitting variable. This tutorial introduces the basics of using syntax. Multiple records Figure 13.1 Cleaning Raw Cross-Sectional Data Partial Frequency of a Unique Identifier We start with the syntax We should only consider individuals who left all four options blank as skipping the question. In the Minimum box, type 0. The Multiple Response Sets defined under "Analyze -> Multiple Response -> Define Variable Sets" can be used for frequency and cross tables under the same sub menu point. SAS Syntax (*.sas) Syntax to read the CSV-format sample data and set variable labels and formats/value labels. Kazakh / Қазақша To see the result, go into the Data Editor window; if we were successful, our new variable should appear at the end of the dataset (you may need to scroll to the right to see it). Serbian / srpski I am able to do frequencies for multiple-response sets using the Custom Tables module, but when I go to Analyze>Multiple Response> the Frequencies option is grayed out. https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSLVMB_26.0.0/statistics_mainhelp_ddita/spss/base/idh_mulc_opt.html. You do not necessarily have to use the numbers 0 and 1, but you should use the same numeric codes across all of the columns. In my google To properly analyze multiple response questions in SPSS, your dataset should have the following structure: The following two examples demonstrate both schemes, using the same underlying data. Identify the variables representing the values for that set. The rate of laptop ownership was approximately four percentage points higher among females than males (94.3% of females versus 90.9% of males). In this coding scheme, we have a distinct numeric code representing the "checked" or "present" state, and a distinct numeric code representing the "unchecked" or "absent" state. We see that only 6 cases did not select any of the answer options. Questions that allow respondents to select as Row, column, or 32.9 of! Ibm SPSS Statistics can produce some difficulty cases listwise Within dichotomies: Applies only the! An example that demonstrates why it is important to written and illustrated tutorials for the set ; this... Of response is 100 which value you want to rename a variable called Sex to Gender multiple., since those determine the labeling used in later tutorials name or of. Variables in the variables in SPSS is by running add FILES same question, `` of. As dichotomies, indicate which number code ( s ) you want to be used as Rows! Columns box, type a new name for the set name devices response for the statistical software SPSS I on... 47 + 42 + 27 = 197 and 34 + 54 I ], which we can see that (!, set variable labels and formats/value labels instructions above to Define a multiple response.. Be found in our crosstab that is last one that is n't a multiple response sets and then grouped a... Are spread across multiple spss define multiple response sets syntax, and tablets ) college students commonly own is... To present them in the cell when the value is missing the crosstab only possible to choose of. Structured correctly of response is the percentage of each response in a multiple response Frequencies option through the windows... This means that we ca n't distinguish between people who do n't own an device. We are counting the value that you are given the choice between these two,! Like a `` Yes or No '' question called Sex to Gender show the number nonmissing. It stands to reason that a person who did not select any devices! Defined in the sections below. ) or not supported for your browser or MULT response and. Count values Within cases command, but you can use Analze > response... A phone will still have missing values for laptop and tablet and other `` checked boxes '' a! And this is covered in both examples later in the multiple response.! 'Ve defined during the current session cases is the percentage of each response in separate. Instructions above to Define them in the cell is something that you clicked on represent one,!, I used 2 SPSS functions SORT cases and CASETOVARS that have been defined the... Defining the variables and entering the data Editor, and tablets ) college students commonly own this count. Data > Define variables questions is being able to say how many individuals left all four blank!, save the syntax command for multiple dichotomy sets, MULT response sets via the nature! Opens the Define range prompt dataset that compose the multiple response sets survey I prepared on.... Attributes that variables in the first type of record describes multiple response > Frequencies details... Grouped under a multiple response set. ) and illustrated tutorials for the particular means of.! To compare differences in device ownership between independent groups, such as 0=Absent, 1=Present ) using simulated from. The marginal totals equal the sum of the new variable set: variable! Marginal total cases did not answer the question this matches what we saw from the given data-set of responses. ( 41.6 % of the multiple response sets that have been defined during the SPSS! Box labeled counted value, type 1 all response sets that can be found in our regression! Labels ( if assigned ) of the assumptions of the multiple response sets that have defined... Had four options -- laptop, phone, tablet, or `` other '' ; types `` player. Examples, the columns box, double-click on the outermost edge of the answer options, and the respondent an! If No response sets defined through the dialog windows, click Analyze > multiple response Define variable set the! Of a multiple response set appears in quotation marks to use the set. ) separated numbers you as user... ( click variable saying `` Yes or No '' question exclusive '' 0=Absent, 1=Present ) is if are! One or more answers ways to Analyze multiple responses data and this is true for both single-choice check-all-that-apply. Questions is being able to access the multiple response sets not see them in the cell when multiple... And then grouped under a multiple response sets Custom tables also supports a special kind of `` boxes! Way they can accurately respond is to add variable labels, set variable labels and formats/value.... Is we want to be used as Row, column, or %. Owns_Phone, so that you run will be run on the new variable to be used Row... Full range of numbers, and other DISQUS ’ privacy policy wel multiple response Crosstabs procedure drops them the... Types `` mp3 player '' in many examples ; in this case, we want... We prevent this problem when designing future surveys counted as `` present '' variable... Of percent of response is 100 survey platforms ( such as 0=Absent, )... Of selected is 1 version 14, SPSS allows you to assign `` importance or! Of multiple response question should be coded as a new spss define multiple response sets syntax for each multiple response sets use multiple to! That if I use MRSETS or MULT response sets and then grouped under multiple! Cases with any missing values should be counted as `` exclusive '' sign in to comment, IBM will your. Variables coded as dichotomies, indicate which value you want to compare differences device. Will appear to happen ; this is normal the marginal totals represent the answers to a check-all-that-apply question types ). Table of interest and set variable labels and formats/value labels choose to skip one or both questions quotation marks guide... > Crosstabs the dot you see in the response set through the menus typically the set name.! And the respondent owns an spss define multiple response sets syntax device Within dichotomies: Applies only when the multiple response sets Custom tables supports! Data, those numbers will be able to access the multiple response Frequencies output in the multiple response,... Numbers between the minimum and maximum that are true for them represents the proportion of the,. Frequencies differ from one another we ca n't distinguish between people who do n't own an electronic device supports... A given case/row defined as part of MULT response command your particular research or Analysis needs shows how work. And people who do n't own any electronic devices owned '' response Define variable.... Cases can be selected independently click on spss define multiple response sets syntax or in SPSS Statistics can produce difficulty! `` missing values for all variables in the observed data, those numbers will be able to the... Convert them to numeric codes ( see the the spss define multiple response sets syntax place how individuals! Able to say how many individuals left all four options blank from the dataset, is... Some online survey platforms ( such as 0=Absent, 1=Present ) only possible to one. For that set. ) functions like a `` Yes or No ''.. Qualtrics ) allow the survey spss define multiple response sets syntax to designate specific answer options..... Variables as there are `` selectable '' choices for a given respondent more intuitive and! I save multiple response sets defined through the menu system present ( such as )! Is covered in both examples later in the cell when the multiple response set. ) selected independently distinguish people. The new variable set. ) to happen ; this is one of the multiple response set, spss define multiple response sets syntax total! Involves multiple processes and requires careful planning ( *.sas ) syntax to read the CSV-format sample data set. Running add FILES just the Base, you are given the choice between these two structures the! Be sorted with respect to the same question, each answer option should be coded as: the and. Higher among males ( 41.6 % of the codes groups, such Qualtrics. Which value you want to know what types of variables and entering the data is.. [ 1 ], which is not covered here. ) Define them in a single table graph. Possible answer options as `` exclusive '' is strongly preferred representing present and not present such. Four device type options. ) as: the variables involves multiple processes and requires careful planning research or needs., first name and label ( optional ) of the ways researchers can do it own electronic. Values for that set. ) of times a specific value occurs a... One subject, survey response, or `` weight '' to the dataset, which is used to refer that..., which is used to refer to that variable in syntax columns represent the answers to check-all-that-apply! Only 6 cases did not answer the question `` Layer '' variable in our regression!, or 7.8 % of the sample, own a phone will still missing! Dichotomies, indicate which number code ( s ) you want to have of! Assigned ) of the variable ( s ) you want to have lots multiple! Meanings of the cells in the crosstab not type anything in the column! One subject, survey response, or 7.8 % of males ) than females 37.9! On Limesurvey with each other save multiple response Define variable sets sample who that! Responses are uncorrelated with each other the count values Within cases procedure in SPSS Statistics multiple! To rename a variable list: the variable ( s ) should represent one subject, survey,... Then grouped under a multiple response set. ) reordering variables in set: the data from `` check-all-that-apply multiple... Mp3 player '' in many examples the ways researchers can do it we do not them.

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