Said of hens: "some are elegant creatures". The Beecher-Tilton trial began in January 1875, and ended in July when the jurors deliberated for six days but were unable to reach a verdict. Died: March 8, 1887. Woodhull was arrested in New York City and imprisoned for sending obscene material through the mail. In 1874, Tilton filed charges for "criminal conversation" against Beecher. Catharine Beecher was the eldest of 13 children born to Lyman Beecher and his wife, Roxana Foote. Henry Ward Beecher died of a cerebral hemorrhage on March 8, 1887. Laid an egg in his hat, [43] He argued that the theory was in keeping with what Applegate called "the inevitability of progress",[44] seeing a steady march toward perfection as a part of God's plan. [58] Tilton then sued Beecher on civil charges of adultery. Besides his sermons, Beecher’s many works include Evolution and Religion (1885); Life of Jesus the Christ (1871–91); Yale Lectures on Preaching (1872–74); and a novel, Norwood: A Tale of Village Life in New England (1867). Though Beecher hated slavery as early as his seminary days, his views were generally more moderate than those of abolitionists like William Lloyd Garrison, who advocated the breakup of the Union if it would also mean the end of slavery. [29], In the course of his preaching, Henry Ward Beecher came to reject his father Lyman's theology, which "combined the old belief that 'human fate was preordained by God's plan' with a faith in the capacity of rational men and women to purge society of its sinful ways". Lyman Beecher’s 13 children and showed little promise at various schools until he went to Amherst College in 1830. ... Henry Ward Beecher Quotes. [12], On March 6, 1887, Beecher suffered a stroke and died in his sleep on March 8. In 1847, Beecher became the first pastor of the Plymouth Church in Brooklyn, New York. His rhetorical focus on Christ's love has influenced mainstream Christianity to this day. The hen, pleased with that, Beecher's long career in the public spotlight led biographer Debby Applegate to call her biography of him The Most Famous Man in America.[2]. Henry K. Beecher died on 1976-07-25. [34], In 1863, during the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln sent Beecher on a speaking tour of Europe to build support for the Union cause. Regardless of the initial circumstances, Beecher and Proctor allegedly then carried on their affair for more than a year. edit data. [8] His poor performance earned him punishments, such as being forced to sit for hours in the girls' corner wearing a dunce cap. Slavery and liberty were fundamentally incompatible, Beecher argued, making compromise impossible: "One or the other must die". [16][14] He also rejected his father's prohibitions against various leisure activities as distractions from a holy life, stating instead that "Man was made for enjoyment". Over the course of his ministry, he developed a theology emphasizing God's love above all else. View the list Life is a dream for the wise, a game for the fool, a comedy for the rich, a tragedy for the poor. Corrections? His remarks were so unpopular that cries of "Hang Beecher!" Beecher was able to change the minds of thousands by using the New Testament to show that slavery was wrong. [57] On October 31, 1873, Plymouth Church excommunicated Theodore Tilton for "slandering" Beecher. Cite this Page: Citation. Henry Ward Beecher died of a cerebral hemorrhage on 8th March, 1887. Henry Beecher died on March 8, 1887, of a cerebral hemorrhage. [12] His sermons and writings helped to gain acceptance for the theory in America. He was also considered slow-witted and one of the less promising of the brilliant Beecher children. [4] "The Reverend Henry Ward Beecher, Called a hen an elegant creature, The hen, pleased with that, Laid an egg in his hat, And thus did the hen reward Beecher." 1904; page 248 . A six-month trial resulted in a hung jury. Beecher was born in New Haven, Connecticut, to David Beecher, a blacksmith, and Esther Hawley Lyman.His mother died shortly after his birth, and he was committed to the care of his uncle Lot Benton, as W. Bray, and at the age of eighteen entered Yale, graduating in 1797. [25] Unusually for a speaker of his era, Beecher would use humor and informal language including dialect and slang as he preached. As of June 27, 1874, Plymouth Church established its own investigating committee which exonerated Beecher. [54], Henry Ward Beecher had publicly denounced Woodhull's advocacy of free love. [30], In his widely reprinted piece "Shall We Compromise", Beecher assailed the Compromise of 1850, a compromise between anti-slavery and pro-slavery forces brokered by Whig Senator Henry Clay. NEXT year will mark the hundredth anniversary of the death of Henry Ward Beecher, the colorful clergyman and orator who rose to prominence as … When did Henry Ward Beecher die? Beecher raised over two thousand dollars to secure the girls' freedom. Slavery in the United States (£1.29) The compromise banned slavery from California and slave-trading from Washington, D.C. at the cost of a stronger Fugitive Slave Act; Beecher objected to the last provision in particular, arguing that it was a Christian's duty to feed and shelter escaped slaves. Beecher stated his intent for Norwood was to present a heroine who is "large of soul, a child of nature, and, although a Christian, yet in childlike sympathy with the truths of God in the natural world, instead of books. To a hen, "You're a beautiful creature." (Born 1813, died March 8, 1887.) His public writing began in Indiana, where he edited an agricultural journal, The Farmer and Gardener. See Also [40], Beecher enjoyed the company of women, and rumors of extramarital affairs circulated as early as his Indiana days, when he was believed to have had an affair with a young member of his congregation. The subsequent trial resulted in a hung jury and was one of the most widely reported trials of the century. The Council of Congregational Churches held a board of inquiry from March 9 to 29, 1874, to investigate the disfellowshipping of Tilton, and censured Plymouth Church for acting against Tilton without first examining the charges against Beecher. [2] Henry instead preached a "Gospel of Love" that emphasized God's absolute love rather than human sinfulness, and doubted the existence of Hell. He gradually became more emphatic in opposing slavery, and his lectures of 1863 in England won over audiences initially hostile to him and to the Northern point of view. Omissions? This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Henry-Ward-Beecher, Ohio History Central - American Anti-Slavery Society, Internet Archive - Biography of Henry Ward Beecher, Ohio History Central - Biography of Henry W. Beecher, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Henry Ward Beecher, United States History - Biography of Henry Ward Beecher. [12], In 1865, Robert E. Bonner of the New York Ledger offered Beecher twenty-four thousand dollars to follow his sister's example and compose a novel;[70] the subsequent novel, Norwood, or Village Life in New England, was published in 1868. Henry Ward Beecher was the son of Lyman Beecher, a Calvinist minister who became one of the best-known evangelists of his era. The Beecher household was "the strangest and most interesting combination of fun and seriousness". "[71] McDougall describes the resulting novel as "a New England romance of flowers and bosomy sighs ... 'new theology' that amounted to warmed-over Emerson". [72], This article is about the American clergyman. Henry War Beecher was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, the son of Lyman Beecher, a prominent Congregationalist minister and educator. In February 1876, the Congregational church held a final hearing to exonerate Beecher. [17] The student body was divided by the slavery question, whether to support a form of gradual emancipation, as Lyman Beecher did, or to demand immediate emancipation. [61], Stanton was outraged by Beecher's repeated exonerations, calling the scandal a "holocaust of womanhood". The press subsequently nicknamed the weapons "Beecher's Bibles". Husband: Rev. [39], In the Reconstruction Era, Beecher sided with President Andrew Johnson's plan for swift restoration of Southern states to the Union. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [64] He made another lecture tour of England in 1886. [9] At 14, he began his oratorical training at Mount Pleasant Classical Institute, a boarding school in Amherst, Massachusetts where he met Constantine Fondolaik, a Smyrna Greek. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. At the Historic Plymouth Church in Brooklyn Heights, New York, the legacy of Henry Ward Beecher, the church's first pastor who died more than 120 years ago, is prominently displayed in monuments celebrating his life. He was the eighth of the Rev. In the years leading up to the Civil War, he raised money to purchase slaves from captivity and to send rifles—nicknamed "Beecher's Bibles"—to abolitionists fighting in Kansas. [7], Beecher had a childhood stammer. Beecher's speeches helped turn European popular sentiment against the rebel Confederate States of America and prevent its recognition by foreign powers. [41][42], Influenced by British author Herbert Spencer, Beecher embraced Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in the 1880s, identifying as a "cordial Christian evolutionist". He was the eighth of the Rev. Laid an egg in his hat, Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. Church member Theodore Tilton accused the minister of having an affair with his wife. [60] Find out information about Henry Ward Beecher. [53] The charges became public after Theodore told Elizabeth Cady Stanton and others of his wife's confession. A personal turning point for Beecher came in October 1848 when he learned of two escaped young female slaves who had been recaptured; their father had been offered the chance to ra… The Sunday morning ferries from New York City to Brooklyn, which brought thousands over to see “the Great Divine” preach in his emotional style, became known as “Beecher Boats.” Religion & Spirituality. He and his adherents from his church smuggled so many Sharps rifles to Bleeding Kansas that the Sharps rifles picked up the nickname Beecher’s Bibles. Early Life . His father, Lyman Beecher was a widely admired evangelist and Henry Ward Beecher followed in his footsteps after graduating from the Lane Theological Seminary. Henry Ward Beecher. Henry Ward Beecher. [49] In 1858, the Brooklyn Eagle wrote a story accusing him of an affair with another young church member who had later become a prostitute. [37] Following the Civil War, he also became a leader in the women's suffrage movement. [61][65] Henry Ward Beecher is interred at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York. Despite the scandal, however, he remained active and influential until his death. [40] During the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, he preached strongly against the strikers whose wages had been cut, stating, "Man cannot live by bread alone but the man who cannot live on bread and water is not fit to live," and "If you are being reduced, go down boldly into poverty". Father of Lt. Fredrick Beecher, killed at the Battle of Beecher Island, Colorado Territory in September of 1868. Henry Ward Beecher (June 24, 1813 – March 8, 1887) was a prominent, theologically liberal American Congregationalist clergyman, social reformer, abolitionist, and speaker in the mid to late 19th Century. Related Authors. [59] It wasn't said that Lucinda Hagan Beecher was Killed. He also grew interested in social reform, particularly the abolitionist movement. June 24th the birthday of rifle-toting abolitionist pastor Henry Ward Beecher. Henry Ward Beecher (June 24, 1813 – March 8, 1887) was an American Congregationalist clergyman, social reformer, and speaker, known for his support of the abolition of slavery, his emphasis on God's love, and his 1875 adultery trial (see below). Lyman Beecher. [57], Subsequent hearings and trial, in the words of Walter A. McDougall, "drove Reconstruction off the front pages for two and a half years" and became "the most sensational 'he said, she said' in American history". He also championed Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, stating that it was not incompatible with Christian beliefs. (Oliver Wendell Holmes) Email This BlogThis! Though Beecher hated slavery as early as his seminary days, his views were generally more moderate than those of abolitionists like William Lloyd Garrison, who advocated the breakup of the Union if it would also mean the end of slavery. [71] The novel was moderately well received by critics of the day. Stanton repeated the story to fellow women's rights leaders Victoria Woodhull and Isabella Beecher Hooker. Holmes The Reverend Henry Ward Beecher, Called a hen an elegant creature, The hen, pleased with that, Laid an egg in his hat, And thus did the hen reward Beecher. ... As a result of this hunt Light Beecher did come down with pneumonia and died as a result. His outlets for these issues, in addition to Plymouth Church, were the Independent, a Congregational journal he edited in the early 1860s, and the nondenominational Christian Union (later Outlook), which he founded in 1870. [11][12] He met his future wife Eunice Bullard, the daughter of a well-known physician, and they were engaged on January 2, 1832. They attended Amherst College together, where they signed a contract pledging lifelong friendship and brotherly love. 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